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Another Great Awakening Needed:Posted Thursday, March 17, 2011, at 5:48 PM
This blog entry will discuss:
1. What the three Great Awakenings in American history were and their impact on American culture.
2. Why we are in desperate need for another Great Awakening and how you and I may have a part in it.
There were three Great Awakenings in our nation's history, and all three impacted American culture at the time and still influence aspects of our culture now.
Historians are undecided as to when the First Great Awakening started, but all agree that it began under the strong preaching of Congregationalist Jonathan Edwards and Methodist George Whitefield. For all practical purposes, we'll say the First Great Awakening period was from 1730-1760.
The First Great Awakening was a major revival in nearly all church groups of the colonies. In the middle and southern colonies, the Awakening impacted the Presbyterians. In the northern colonies, the Congregationalists were revived. Baptist and early Methodist preachers saw many conversions among the blacks in the southern colonies. Edwards preached his sermon, "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" on July 8, 1741 in Enfield, Connecticut. This sermon brought conviction on an apathetic, lukewarm church. Such preaching influenced other pastors to preach what God told them to preach and not fear the consequences. Whitefield came to New England from England and preached in the open air to thousands of enthusiastic listeners.
The First Great Awakening had an influence on colonial nationalism. Although John Wesley, the Anglican founder of Methodism in England, was opposed to the desire of colonial independence from Great Britain, his followers in the colonies were sympathetic to colonial independence. Benjamin Franklin, a Deist, was an admirer of Whitefield's preaching. Consider some of the phrases in the Declaration of Independence which include references to God, Creator, Supreme Judge, and Divine Providence. http://www.earlyamerica.com/earlyamerica...
In 1771, John Wesley sent some ministers, including Francis Asbury (1745-1816), to America to help the Methodist societies. At that time Methodism was still a movement within the established (Anglican) Church of England. In 1784, Asbury was ordained bishop, and the Methodist societies were organized as a denomination, the Methodist Episcopal Church. Asbury sent circuit riding preachers out into the frontier. Asbury, himself traveled hundreds of miles on horseback, organizing churches. Other denominations, such as Baptists and Presbyterians were also sending preachers out.
Camp meetings, an innovation started by itinerant preachers, began to spring up on the frontier. These were outdoor revival meetings. A Presbyterian minister, James McGready (c. 1760--1817), is credited as the founder of the first cammp meeting in Logan County, Kentucky 1799-1801. This marks the beginning of the Second Great Awakening.
Methodists, Baptists, Shakers, Disciples, and Cumberland Presbyterians participated in the Camp Meeting Movement. The Disciples denomination resulted from the camp meeting at Cane Ridge, Kentucky in 1801. This started the Restoration Movement, from which Disiples, Christian Church, and Churches of Christ began. Methodists profited numerically from these camp meetings. Francis Asbury reported that in 1811, there were more than 400 annual camp meetings from Georgia to Michigan. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topi...
The Second Great Awakening not only started the Camp Meeting Movement, but was also instrumental in the beginnings of three major religious movements: Restoration Movement, Adventist Movement (1830's and 1840's), and the American Holiness Movement. It also established reform movements: Temperance, Women's Suffrage, and Abolitionist.
There were two great revivalists of the Second Great Awakening: Methodist Peter Cartwright (1785-1872) http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topi...
and Congregationalist Charles G. Finney (1792-1875) http://www.oberlin.edu/external/EOG/imag...
Both of these men were very anti-slavery. Finney started Oberlin College, the first coed college and the first to allow blacks. Finney's "Revival Lectures" are still read and studied by conservative Christians.
During the Second Great Awakening, two American Holiness churches were founded: Wesleyan Methodist (1843) http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry....
and Free Methodist (1860)
Both were organized as a result of the Methodist Episcopal Church's failure to take a public stand against slavery. Later, after the Second Great Awakening, the latter denomination realized its mistake. The result was a split between northern and southern Methodists. The major teaching of both new denominations was the doctrine of Entire Sanctification. Phoebe Palmer (1807-1874) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phoebe_Palm...
was instumental in starting the American Holiness Movement with her Tuesday Meeting for the Promotion of Holiness in 1837. Men were allowed to attend the meetings in 1839. Some of the men who attended were Methodist bishops! She and her husband were itinerant evangelists who traveled over the U.S., Canada, and Great Britain. She influenced " temperance leader, Frances Willard; the co-founder of the Salvation Army, Catherine Booth; and the first president of the National Camp Meeting Association for the Promotion of Holiness (later the Christian Holiness Partnership), John Iskip." She also influenced the founders of the Free Methodist Church, B.T. Roberts and John Wesley Redfield. Because of her ministry, the churches of the American Holiness Movement ordained women preachers.
After the Civil War ended, another revival movement began. It was the Third Great Awakening, a movement lasting from 1865-1920's. During this period, the Social Gospel was preached. There are some who think the Social Gospel was wrong, but there were two proponents of after the Liberal/Fundamentalist controversy. Until then, the Gospel was applied to social issues. Thus, many Evangelicals and members of mainline churches supported the newly formed Republican Party, urging it to take a stand for prohibition and women's suffrage.
Great missionary associations were formed and enlarged during the Third Great Awakening. The American Holiness Movement saw the beginnings of holiness denominations: Salvation Army, Pilgrim Holiness, Church of the Nazarene, Church of God Holiness, and Church of God Anderson Indiana. Many smaller denominations and camp meeting associations were also started. During this period, Dwight L. Moody, R.A. Torrey, Billy Sunday, Mel Trotter, and other revivalists held great revival campaigns. Pacific Garden Mission was started. Moody Bible Institute was started. Other inner city missions and Bible colleges were also built as a result.
During the latter years of the Third Awakening, the Pentecostal Movement began. Also during the latter years, the debate between fundamentalism and modernism divided many mainstream churches.
In the years after WWII, Evangelicalism began to compromise and allow worliness into the churches. Christians cooled off and became apathetic. While they were cooling off, the change agents were at work. Prohibition had been repealed at the beginning of FDR's presidency in '33 as he had promised. Sunday Blue Laws were repealed. The ACLU and Americans for Separation of Church and State intensified their attacks on the Church and America's Christian culture and intensified their intention of secularizing America. The Bible and prayer were taken out of our public schools. Now, the results are devastating! Abortion, the murder of unborn babies up to term, was legalized in '73. Unnatural lifestyles have been legalized and traditional marriage is under attack. Teen age pregnancy, pornography, and out and out sin is everywhere! We need an Awakening!
Well, we may never have a national awakening, although we could if we all would just pray and obey! We can have a local awakening. Wouldn't it be great to see less or even no police reports in our local paper? Wouldn't it be great to see our churches full on Sunday? Wouldn't be great to see the bars lose business and see less names in the Court Records? It can happen!
2 Chronicles 7:14 (King James Version)
"If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land."
That's the answer!
My people called by name: Born again Christians
Shall humble themselves: Realize and accept that our dependence is on God Himself and not on our works.
Pray: Both private and public
Seek my face: Read and study God's Word and apply it to our lives under the direction of the Holy Spirit.
And turn from our wicked ways: Apathy, spiritual pride, worldliness, materialism, compromise, negligence of private devotions, negligence of public worship, negligence of spreading the gospel, etc.
Below, are the thoughts of a Prohibitionist friend of mine, Billy Joe Parker:
"It looks like the great awakenings are puffs of the Holy Spirit into the nation and are a prelude to some great freedom or uplifting in the order of the Creation of man. Adam first then Eve.
One. Uplifing of the individual to the status of king. Freedom of man--AD 1775- I will make a man more precious than fine gold; even a man than the golden wedge of Ophir.(Isaiah 13:12)-The Declaration of Independence was the fulfillment of Isaiah's prophecy.
Two. Freedom of man from man.--Freedom of the Black slaves of the USA. AD 1861- AD 1865. Movement from Temperance toward Prohibition and woman sufferage.
Three-Freedom of man from slavery to a drug. AD 1919-American Prohibition. Freedom of women--AD 1920-Right to vote.
The next in the line of creation were Cain and Able--The children. Freedom of the child is represented by Prohibition which prevents its death at the hands of men and women enslaved to a drug. It looks like the 4th Awakening will be the freedom of the child from enslavement to the evils of men and women who have wrongly used their freedom to destroy the child with alcohol, abortion, and homosexuality. The vileness of adultery, pre-marital sex, and prostitution still enslave and brutally murder the child which has lost its meaning to government and people.
Freedom of man from Kings--AD 1775; Freedom of man from man--AD 1861-AD 1865. Freedom of man from drugs--AD 1919; Freedom of women--AD 1920.
It looks like the establishment of the first communist cell in the USA in Chicago in AD 1919 and powerful wealthy professionals still enslaved by a drug--alcohol-- were able to steal the free woman and turn her to addicting her children to alcohol in AD 1933, cutting them off from God and the nation by banning the Bible in AD 1963, and ordering every unborn American child to be slain by abortion in AD 1973--an act that is the death decree of the nation--tremendously evil.
The slaves of communism may have used the wealthy slaves of alcohol to overturn Prohibition in AD 1933. In this year the federal government overturned Prohibition and also recognized Stalin's evil government in Russia. The Great Depression that began in AD 1929 and came to an end in AD 1933 may have been contrived for the purposes of overturning Prohibition which was successful and to make the US Government totally communist which failed.
According to a 1980's era textbook, "An Introduction To Money And Banking--5th Edition," by Colin and Rosemary Campbell--Dryden Press, The Federal Reserve Bank was established in 1914. Banks borrow from the Federal Reserve for the purpose of stopping runs on banks as occurred during the great Depression. According to the textbook, bankers did not pursue this aggressively enough. Why was this not done? A Depression offered the slaves to Communism an excuse to make all the nation slaves to it. A Depression also aids the slaves of alcohol to overturn Prohibition with needing money as an excuse. The Depression was brought to an end with the Banking Holiday in AD 1933. Why did not the bankers borrow from the Federal Reserve as they were supposed to do? Why Was not a Banking Holiday declared earlier?
World War II came with a blaze of new technology that would lift the slaves of communism and alcohol to new heights over the nation and they would create tremendous death tolls of their fellow Americans and loving power over them through public office and money more than they loved the ones they are causing to die."
Billy Joe Parker
1143 Debord Dr
Waleska, Georgia 30183
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My wife Susan (Sue) and I have lived in Soddard County since September of '96. We both graduated from Bible Missionary Institute, our denomination's small four year Bible college in Rock Island, Illinois. I was born and raised in Pomona, California while my wife was raised in Monmouth, Illinois. I am an ordained minister in the Bible Missionary Church. We attend and are members of the Dexter Bible Missionary Church. I've been employed by Tyson Foods for 14 years. My wife is a CNA. I've always been conservative in my political views and have always been active in politics and the Pro-Life movement. My politics have not always been Republican. From 2003-2009 I was vice-chairman of the Prohibition National Committee, the steering arm of the Prohibition Party. In '09, I joined the Constitution Party of Missouri. But, I've been attending the GOP rallys and club meetings since last year and have been campaigning for certain Republican candidates since we moved to this area. I'm on the SEMO Life Chain Committee.
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